The standard Chinese lunar calendar divides the year into 24 节气 jiéqì photo voltaic terms dependent on seasonal adjustments and all-natural phenomenon. They enjoy an vital role in guiding agricultural actions, even to this working day. But even city-dwellers like us can take pleasure in them. Each and every solar expression has its very own involved customs, traditions, and even recipes. In Solar Conditions 101, we delve into what can make each and every a person distinctive…
Identify of the photo voltaic time period: 大寒 dàhán lit. “Major Cold”
Gregorian date: Jan 20 +/- a working day (Jan 20, 2020)
What is dahan all about?
We have lastly come to the final of the 24 photo voltaic phrases, which comes when the photo voltaic longitude reaches 300 levels all-around Jan 20. If you have been next this column then you may possibly remember that this happens to slide into the third or fourth “nine days” immediately after the winter solstice, which is normally deemed the coldest time of the year in southern China. For northern regions, on the other hand, the worst time has already passed. Some scholars believe that the purpose this term is however termed Important Cold is that the historic Chinese imagined that issues would create in the reverse direction when they turn out to be severe so they gave the photo voltaic term ahead of spring the coldest title. In phrases of precipitation, whilst Beijing just experienced its first snow of 2021, xiaohan and dahan are typically the driest seasons of the year.
The micro seasons of dahan
Like the other photo voltaic conditions, dahan has its possess three micro seasons to describe the normal modifications that generally consider spot all through its 15-working day interval. The first is 鸡乳 jī rǔ, the only micro season named with two people, and which implies that hens will start off to lay and hatch their eggs. The cause they only start off to do so in dahan is that the insufficient daylight in winter usually means their bodies are unable to make enough Vitamin D, calcium, and other necessary vitamins and minerals for offering beginning, and their ovaries require ultraviolet rays to turn into active. The second micro year is 征鸟厉疾 zhēng niǎo lì jí. 征鸟 zhēng niǎo is the title of a raptor that historical Chinese thought could fly across the ocean, and the name of this season indicates that these feathered beasts will turn into even additional agile and fierce in purchase to hunt enough prey to survive the rest of the harsh winter season. The very last micro period of dahan is 水泽腹坚 shuǐzé fù jiān. 水泽 shuǐzé refers to a lake, 腹 fù suggests “centre,” and 坚 jiān indicates “durable,” which, blended, tells folks that the ice on the surface area of bodies of h2o is durable and thick more than enough to walk on, even correct in the center. No ponder aged Beijingers say 冰上走 bīng shàng zǒu it is time to walk on the ice.
Get your body and residence ready for Spring Pageant
Despite all the conveniences and technological know-how of present day culture, preparations for Spring Pageant nonetheless can not be completed right away. In the outdated days, these busy still joyful pre-festival chores could just take as prolonged as a month and essential everybody in the spouse and children to participate. Despite the several variances in cultures and customs throughout all locations of China, there are a couple of traditions that are nonetheless practiced and can be usually seen in the countryside at the time of yr.
食糯 shí nuò Eating meals produced from sticky rice, this sort of as laba porridge and sticky rice cakes.
纵饮 zòng yǐn Consume as significantly as you like.
除尘 chúchén Clean your dwelling and paint your walls ahead of the new yr. It is also an unwritten rule that you want to maintain silent during the cleansing to generate superior fortune in the new year.
糊窗 hú chuāng The wind in the course of winter season can be rather ruthless and dahan is a superior time to mend and boost historic Chinese paper windows. To pray for a prosperous coming 12 months, villagers will also set up paper-cutting artworks in the shape of auspicious symbols.
腊味 làwèi It is time to remedy some more meats and sausages one ham is not gonna feed the full relatives for the duration of the holiday getaway.
赶婚 gǎn hūn Hurry to arrange marriages. Historical Chinese people today considered that at the conclusion of the yr, all the gods will return to heaven to report their work while leaving the mundane globe unruled. As a outcome, every working day is a blessed day, so it is typical for folks to tie the knot all over this time.
趁墟 chèn xū 墟 xū normally refers to cities and villages in Cantonese areas, and 墟日 xū rì refers to a regular current market that opens on sure dates. Markets in the previous month of the yr are typically the largest when people come from nearby villages to deal for the goodies they need to have for the Spring Competition.
洗浴 xǐyù It is thought that maintaining fantastic cleanliness can totally free you from the terrible luck that has been haunting you in excess of the past calendar year. You need to also put chopping your hair on the to-do list if you really don’t want to threat your uncle’s existence by styling it during the first thirty day period of the new year.
贴年红 tiē nián hóng Putting up crimson decorations for the new 12 months. In addition to paper-reducing pieces stuck on home windows, other decorations can be utilized to exhibit off your Spring Competition spirit, which include Spring Competition scrolls, paintings, prints of the gate gods, and a great deal, substantially a lot more. All of these are usually referred to as 年红 nián hóng, or “Spring Festival red matters.”
What to eat for dahan
Did you know that your firm’s annual gathering derives from a tradition that prevails in Southern China? In the identify of praying to the earth god, families and enterprise entrepreneurs would organize rituals and feasts on each individual 2nd and 16th working day of the month, with the celebration on the 16th day of the final thirty day period normally being the major of the year. The signature dishes served at these events include 润饼 rùn bǐng and 刈包 yì (guā) bāo, which you can feel of like the southern version of spring rolls and roujiamo, respectively. Owing to the popular area fishing holds in the economies of the southern Chinese provinces, seafood also appears in these dishes extra regularly than other proteins.
Sticky rice is also a well known foodstuff for dahan. We discussed laba porridge in a recent blog, but for individuals who have a sweeter tooth, you can check out steaming related elements rather of boiling them and topping the ensuing mixture with sugary syrup to make 八宝饭 bābǎofàn or 8 treasures rice, a delicious winter day guilty enjoyment.
Read through: Solar Phrases 101: Squeeze Your Wintertime Fat With These Unconventional Holiday getaway Athletics
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